In an MSD prevention approach, two phases are necessary; a first screening phase, then, if necessary, an intervention phase, which is the ergonomic approach as such.
The first screening phase can be carried out by an experienced prevention worker without any particular ergonomic skills. It is in this phase that KIMEA intervenes, instead of a classic ergonomic rating grid such as RULA, OREGE, OSHA, etc.
The second phase is the more in-depth analysis process. The latter must be carried out by a person skilled in ergonomics. INRS proposes a 4-step approach: mobilize, investigate, control and evaluate. KIMEA fits perfectly into this approach to help the ergonomist identify the different risk factors for MSDs, particularly biomechanical stresses.
In order to enter into an MSD prevention process, there must be agreement and commitment from board of directors. To do this, the latter must:
- Understanding the issues
- Provide the necessary resources (financial, human, material, time)
- Integrate the various services (ergonomics, HSE, employee representatives, occupational health service)
- Use internal skills or external services
It is in this stage of investigation that KIMEA intervenes.
Know the risk:
The investigation phase is the part in which the information is collected, in order to determine the work situations to be analysed as a priority. This requires interviews with employees, analysis of existing data (AT, MP, etc.), and analysis of company data (absenteeism, average age, contract types, processes).
Analyse work situations and identify risk factors:
The objective of this phase is to research the determinants of work situations:
- By analyzing the real work
- By taking measurements to assess stress, production organization, equipment and tools, the physical environment of the workstation (lighting, thermal atmosphere, noise level)
- By assessing through measures, biomechanical, psychosocial and organizational constraints
CONTROL the risk
To modify work situations, ergonomic actions must be implemented to reduce the various constraints of the workstation. The ideal is to define these solutions in a multidisciplinary team and to plan/prioritize the actions undertaken, which are based on:
- The reduction of biomechanical, psychosocial and organizational constraints. The ideal is to act upstream by intervening from the design stage of work equipment, manufacturing products and organization
- Moovency ergonomists can work with you to analyze all these determinants and propose recommendations to limit the MSD risk
- Employee training
- Maintaining capacity
The evaluation must be planned from the beginning of the process in order to set up indicators on which we can then make comparisons between the old and the new activity. These comparisons provide a return on investment by confirming risk mitigation after a change of position.